1.Scaling & Polishing
Maintaining good oral health is your first line of defense against the onset of various infections and oral diseases, but despite your best efforts, sometimes brushing twice a day isn’t enough to keep your ‘pearly whites’ sparkling, and plaque starts building up.
Plaque and tartar are pre-cursors to complications that result in cavities, sensitivity and much more. Other than that, teeth that have build-ups and stains from food or habits are unsightly and can make you very self-conscious when you’re smiling or talking, and they can even suck the joy out of a hearty laugh!
How does Scaling and Polishing help Manage Plaque Build-Ups?
If plaque accumulates, it eventually hardens to form tartar or calculus, at which point you won’t be able to get rid of it by brushing and flossing alone. A regular visit to your dentist is necessary to maintain good oral health, and to detect signs of any dental health issues before they become serious complications.
If your teeth have unnatural buildups of plaque and tartar, or they’re stained, we can descale your teeth with a high-frequency ultrasonic scaler, which literally ‘shakes loose’ the tartar from your teeth. Once the deposits and scaling are done, we can proceed to the polishing, which uses an abrasive paste to get rid of any stains and smooth the top surface to prevent plaque from adhering to your teeth.
The procedure is carried out by one of our qualified dentists who will also advise you on how to maintain good oral health. Every dentist at the Mahendra Dental Hospital is committed to providing the highest standards in oral care, ensuring your mouth remains healthy and your smile is the best it can be!
As dentists, we believe prevention is always better than cure and will always encourage and help you to look after your teeth so you do not develop tooth decay. If you do have tooth decay and need a filling then we recommend white fillings as a good solution that is both aesthetic and functional.
An option to improve the cosmetic look of your smile is to have your metal-coloured fillings (or amalgam fillings) replaced with tooth-coloured fillings (or white fillings). This will allow you to smile without a metallic or grey glint in sight, giving your teeth a more natural appearance.
Tooth wear is the progressive loss of a tooth’s surface. It is commonly caused by an acidic diet, grinding your teeth, acid reflux or a combination of two or more of the above. Wear facets on teeth can be unsightly and can also cause increased sensitivity. This can easily be fixed by covering the tooth surface with white fillings, consequently restoring the tooth’s appearance and reducing the sensitivity.
3.Root Canal Treatment
Best option? Save your natural tooth.
A ‘root canal’ is the term that refers to the natural cavity or space within the center of the tooth. It is made up of the pulp chamber which provides nutrients and nerves to each tooth and the ‘canals’ that connect to each other or to the surface of the root of the tooth.
A cavity in the tooth leaves an opening where bacteria can enter and multiply. Left without treatment, these bacteria cause infections and form pockets or abscesses filled with pus up at the roots of the tooth. This causes severe pain and swelling that could spread to other areas of the face or head. Serious infections bring about bone loss around the tip of the tooth’s roots.
A root canal is a procedure done to treat and save a tooth that is damaged, infected or badly decayed. The treatment involves (1) removal of the nerves and pulp and (2) cleaning and sealing the infected area inside the tooth.
Teeth can become damaged and infected due to severe decay, repeated dental procedures, cracks in the tooth or trauma to the face. Constant pain, swelling and tenderness of the gums, prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold and discoloration of the tooth are signs that one may need a root canal. A visit to the dentist will best determine the ways to deal with each particular case.
How do we handle Single Sitting Root Canals?
At Mahendra Dental Hospital, we offer you the latest technology for single sitting root canal treatment, which is rapidly gaining immense popularity in dentistry. It is widely accepted as a faster procedure that eliminates the risk of any contamination of the tooth between appointments.
The treatment involves accessing the pulp chamber and locating the canals, which are thoroughly cleaned and shaped with endo instruments. The void is filled with gutta percha points and finally sealed off with special cement. The dentists in our clinic are very experienced and thoroughly skilled in using the latest technology for root therapy. We can save your original teeth and avoid the need for other costly procedures.
Before the Procedure
Once our dentist has analyzed your teeth and decides to proceed with a single sitting root canal treatment, he/she will locally numb the infected teeth area and take measures to prevent infections and contamination.
During the Procedure
Once the tooth has been numbed, the procedure to gain access to the nerve starts. The root canal, pulp chamber and their surrounding areas are cleaned with root canal files to remove any debris and bacteria. Once your tooth and root canals are dry and clean, the interior is filled in and sealed with biocompatible material like gutta purcha points. The tooth cavity itself is then filled with a permanent tooth color composite filling material that is matched with the rest of your teeth.
After the Procedure
The treated tooth will likely be crowned after a few days. Some tenderness in the teeth is likely to be present and you may be prescribed anti-inflammatory and analgesic medication for it. After the procedure, our doctors will guide you through the recovery process and any necessary precautions you need to take.
4. Dental Extraction
Tooth extraction or dental extraction is the removal of tooth from the mouth. This can also be the basis for future cosmetic dental treatments.
Extractions can be simple or surgically done. Simple extractions are usually performed when the tooth is visible, already loose and only require dental forceps to lift it after it has been rocked back and forth. On the other hand, surgical extraction involves the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed because they have not fully erupted or they have broken under the gums. This requires an incision and frequently, the tooth to be extracted are split into multiple pieces to be able to easily remove it.
The following conditions may require tooth extraction procedure:
- Teeth that are rotten which cannot be repaired to prevent infection
- For orthodontic treatment, a tooth needs to be removed to create space
- Damaged teeth brought about by injuries such as trip or falls and sports accidents
- Gum disease that affects the tissues and sockets in the gum that hold the teeth in place making it to become loose
- Overcrowded teeth which is the result of having a smaller jaw
- Eruption of wisdom teeth which can affect the positioning and spacing of other teeth
When your dentist decides that a tooth has to be removed, he may either do it on your regular check up or schedule this procedure. He may then recommend cosmetic dental options thereafter. As for pain control, you will also be given oral sedation . But you need not worry about the pain, because we’ll take care of it.
Surgical extraction involves the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed because they have not fully erupted or they have broken under the gums.
Surgical Wisdom Teeth Extraction
Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars found at the very back of the mouth. Most people get them during their late teens or early twenties. They are a valuable asset when they grow healthy and properly positioned but they may require removal when they get misaligned or impacted.
When misaligned, wisdom teeth can grow inwards, sideways and at times position themselves horizontally. This eventually crowds and damages the adjacent teeth, the jaw and to some extent, the nerves. Those that grow leaning towards other molars may make these teeth vulnerable to decay by harboring food particles and dental plaque. Impacted teeth are those that remain partially or completely entrapped within the soft tissues or within the jawbones. Wisdom tooth that only partially erupts through the gums leaves an opening for bacteria to enter and multiply and cause infections.
Let your dentist examine the positioning of your wisdom teeth. An x-ray can evaluate the alignment of your teeth. Your dentist or oral surgeon may even advise extractions even before they completely erupt. This can help avoid a more complicated and painful extraction in the future. As a rule, wisdom teeth are removed at the earliest possible time, usually in the late teens, when the root of the teeth have not completely formed and the bones around the teeth are less dense.
Wisdom tooth that only partially erupts through the gums leaves an opening for bacteria to enter and multiply and cause infections