If the teeth described as the canvas of painting, then the gum tissue is the frame around the canvas. In other words, the gum tissue can make or break a smile. Before learning more about healthy and diseased gums, it helps to understand the integral relationship between the jaw bone, the teeth and the gums.
Teeth are supported in the upper and lower jaw bones by fibers that run between the tooth and the bones by fibers that run between the tooth and bone.
The teeth surrounded by tissues that provide additional support. Gum tissue, also known as gingiva, covers a portion of the jaw bone, forming a collar around the neck of each tooth.
Gum disease, commonly referred to as periodontal disease, is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused by excessive bacteria building up in the mouth. The collection of bacteria and their by products is commonly referred to as plaque. If plaque is allowed in the mouth for too long, the minerals from the saliva cause it to harden, forming what is know as calculus or tartar.
The presence of either plaque or tartar can lead to periodontal disease. In the early stages, gums may bleed easily and appear red, tender, spongy and slightly swollen. One or all of these symptoms may be present at the same time.
* Scaling & polishing
* Osseous surgery
* Bone grafting
* Deep curettage
* Root planning
* Gum surgery for bleeding gums & loose teeth
* Bone augmentation for replacement for lost bone in jaw
Membrane implantation for severe loss of bone